Martin Luther King


Martin Luther King formerly named Michael was born on 15th January 1929 in US Atlanta, Georgia to Alberta Williams King and Martin. His father was a Baptist minister whereas his mother was a schoolteacher. He joined Morehouse College in 1944 and established a lifelong friendship with his teacher, Benjamin Mays. Luther’s respect for Mays and his father’s respect led him to the church, and he was ordained in his last semester.After graduating from Morehouse in 1948, he joined Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania for his postgraduate studies and later in 1951; he joined Boston University’s school of theology. Although after his completed dissertation was later revealed had been plagiarised, he eventually won his doctorate in 1955. He got married to his lovely wife Coretta Scott in the year 1953, whom she met in Boston. He became a pastor in 1954 serving in Dexter Avenue church in Montgomery.

Martin Luther king’s national awareness

While still serving as a pastor of Dexter Avenue church, he witnessed the arrest of Rosa Parks for refusal and declined to let a white man take her seat on a bus. After the arrest of Rosa, Luther came to national prominence in the US as a leading figure in organising African Americans’ of buses boycott in Montgomery. The fact that Martin was still young, new to the town and was not after leadership, he did not seem like a threat to the people in US administration at the time.Through the help of a prominent civil rights campaigner, tutelage from Bayard Rustin, King was able to remain committed to a standard and principle of non- violence. With fellow activists Fred Shuttleworth, T. J. Jemison and C.K. Steel in 1957, King founded the Southern leadership conference (SCLC). Since King was the president of SCLC, his primary task was to oversee the coordination of civil rights activity across the region but he was not successful at the start. In the late 1950s, people were unsure about the king’s position as the national leader thus they pressured him to turn his words into the tangible program. Later in 1963, King became the leader of Birmingham campaign that conducted the Birmingham demonstrations that had become the most frequent and massive civil rights protests occurring yet.

Martin King Luther’s dream

Martin had a dream that one day, the promise of equality and freedom for all would become a reality in America. King delivered the speech about his dream on 28th August 1963 during a massive march on Washington for freedom and jobs where more than 200,000 people were in attendance.